Three main places where pearl farms situate in China.
The pearl farms now stretch along the whole coast of South China in Guangxi and Guangdong provinces. The climate is subtropical and is influenced by the south-western monsoon winds in the summer, which bring heavy rains and high temperatures. As early as in the nineteen sixties, pearl farms were built on Hainan Island situated in front of the southern coast. Until today, the island has farms on all its coasts, although it is of rather minor importance.
Pearl farms in Guangxi and Guangdong.
Guangxi is the province in the south-west, bordering on Vietnam. Both Hepu and Beihai, the legendary sources of the past for natural pearls, are situated in this province. Both places have represented areas with the highest yields of cultured pearls since the nineteen sixties. The sheltered bays and favorable temperature of 15 to 20 degrees Celsius offer ideal conditions. There are still rich banks of Pinctada, including Pinctada margaritifera.
In Guangdong province, pearl farms were initially situated on Leizhou Peninsula and most farms are still found near Zhanjiang on the eastern coast today. Zhangjiang is the actual centre of the Akoya cultured pearl industry and has also since become a center for pearl processing; about 70% of the Akoya production comes from here.
There are probably about 2,000 to 4,000 farms in China today. About 60% of the local people along the coasts of Guangxi and Guangdong probably work in the cultured pearl industry today.